UNESCO World Heritage
UNESCO World Heritage Site

Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley

Have you been?

First visited by us on February 4, 2020
TL;DR: The Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley in central Mexico is the cradle of Mesoamerica and one of the cradles of civilisation in the world. Evidence of how we went from being hunter-gatherers to becoming settled farmers are found here. It also has the richest biodiversity in North America with 70% of all floral families in the world. Large cacti forests shape the landscapes making it one of the most unique areas in the world. It's also home to 141 species of birds, including hummingbirds, eagles and macaw. Pumas, jaguars and raccoons also live here.

All about the

Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley

UNESCO World Heritage Site

Welcome to our collected information about the UNESCO World Heritage Site officially known as “Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley Originary Habitat of Mesoamerica”! If you travel here and ask about it, the site is in Spanish known as Valle de Tehuacán-Cuicatlán – Hábitat Originario de Mesoamérica. We call it Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley or just Tehuacán-Cuicatlán.
[ tewaˈkan ]

The Cradle of Mesoamerica

Our UNESCO
World Heritage Site
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Where is Tehuacán-Cuicatlán

So far we have made three fantastic trips to this beautiful and diverse continent. The adventures have been to some very different places. Our first was to the North West, to Morocco. The next was to the island country, Cape Verde. Our latest adventure was truly an adventure, we spent about two weeks in Tanzania.
America, North
Mexico
Estado de Puebla

How small big large HUGE v-a-s-t is it

145255
1 Hectare is 0.01 km² and 0.004 mi²

1,452.6

1 km² is 100 Hectare and 0.386 mi²

560.8

1 mi² is 259 Hectare and 2.589 km²

Why is Tehuacán-Cuicatlán
a World Heritage Site

World Heritage Type

Cultural

Natural

Mixed

Read

This

The Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley is the cradle of Mesoamerica and one of the cradles of civilisation in the world. Evidence of how we went from being hunter-gatherers to becoming settled farmers are found here. It also has the richest biodiversity in North America. It houses 70% of all floral families in the world. Large cacti forests shape the landscapes making it one of the most unique areas in the world. It’s also home to 141 species of birds, including hummingbirds and a nesting territory for eagles and the green macaw. Pumas, jaguars, white-tailed deer and raccoons also call this home.

UNESCO's  2 Why

Cultural Reason #4
Natural Reason #10
This is the cradle of Mesoamerica and one of the cradles of civilisation in the world. In this very dry valley, you find evidence of how we humans have adapted and changed over more than 14 thousand years. This is when we went from being hunter-gatherers to becoming settled farmers. Here you find the oldest water management system in North America. An amazing system of canals, wells, aqueducts and dams. This system made the change possible. Thanks to the water the domestication of plants started here, with the use of cacti and the production of salt.
This is dry land but despite this, it has the richest biodiversity in all of North America. With more than 3,000 plants it houses examples of 70% of the known floral families in the world. 10% of only exists here. The cacti stand out, 86 species of which 21 are unique. Forests of up to 1800/ha of organ-pipe cactus shape the landscapes making it one of the most unique areas in the world. A lot of different agaves, yuccas, bromeliads, bursera and oaks also grow here.

There is a lot of wildlife here as well. 141 species of birds, including hummingbirds which are important pollinators for cacti. It's a nesting territory for the golden eagle, the endangered royal eagle, and the green macaw. The valley has one of the highest levels of dryland animal biodiversity in the World. 83 reptiles, 28 amphibians, 14 fish and 102 mammals are also at home here. Pumas and jaguars stand out together with white-tailed deer and raccoons. It is considered one of the most important protected areas worldwide for many of them.

The biodiversity of this region has a long history. Today a third of the total diversity of the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley, some 1,000 species, are used by local people.
Significant Stage in Human History
Significant Natural Habitat for Biodiversity

World Heritage Protection Status

Protected

Endangered

Lost

Timeline for the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán World Heritage Site

1998

Established

Tehuacán-Cuicatlán was established.
2016-07-20

Tentative

Mexico nominated Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley to become a World Heritage Site.

2018-07-04

Inscribed

The application from Mexico was approved and Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley Originary Habitat of Mesoamerica officially became a World Heritage Site.

2020-02-04

Visited by us!

Landmark event, obviously! Our first visit to the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley Originary Habitat of Mesoamerica World Heritage Site. This was our 112 site visited out of the 134  we have travelled to so far.

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Our Guides to Tehuacán-Cuicatlán

Our Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Photos

Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico